A study by Save the Children analyzes the public budget in Peru, Brazil and Guatemala, revealing that the lack of planning and gender-differentiated data especially affects girls.
This is demonstrated by the research on public investment in girls carried out by Save the Children, together with the organizations Equidad – Centro de Políticas Públicas y Derechos Humanos (Peru), Centro de Defesa da Criança e do Adolescente – Cedeca Ceará (Brazil) and Coordinadora Institucional de Promoción por los Derechos de la Niñez – Ciprodeni (Guatemala).
The research, which reviewed indicators related to adolescent pregnancy, human trafficking, gender-based violence, access to education and child marriage, was launched in New York on the occasion of the International Day of the Girl Child.
15-year-old Keren – from Villa El Salvador, Peru – participated in the high-level event, bringing the voice of Latin America’s children and adolescents and explaining her experience of participating in decision-making on the public budget in her municipality. “Participating (in the budgets) has given us the opportunity to develop many more skills, such as active citizen participation, formulating and defending a concrete proposal, fulfilling the duties of an authority, exercising a student government with transparency, with a vision of the future seeking the best for children.”
“If the budget were larger, more schools could benefit, and more children and adolescents would be empowered to become agents of change in their community and even in their country,” said Keren, who was a panelist at the event in New York.
“Gender-sensitive investment is vital for progress towards more developed, just and equitable societies. That is why we call on Latin American and Caribbean states to plan their budgets taking into account the specific needs of girls and adolescents,” said Ann Linnarsson, Director of the Civil Society Support Program at Save the Children’s Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean.
Public investment in children and adolescents, expressed as a percentage of the GDP, amounts to 1.33 % in Brazil, 4.00 % in Guatemala and 4.60 % in Peru. Being a girl in poverty and living in a rural area implies multiple exposure to exclusion with respect to the enjoyment of rights and access to services.
In the case of the countries included in the study, it can be seen that budget execution is centralized, especially in the case of Guatemala, where no intermediate range is contemplated and the weight of decentralization is only 4%.
In the case of Peru, despite advances in the visibility of the problem of adolescent pregnancy, public investment is not sufficient to address the magnitude of the problem. In 2018 it amounted to 1.49 % of the “Public Expenditure on Children and Adolescents Plan” (Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations -MIMP, 2018). In the case of prevention and response to human trafficking it is 0.0003 %.
In Brazil, in 2018, four times more was invested in the purchase of armaments (5.1 %) than in children and adolescents (1.33 %), as published that same year by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
In the case of child homicide in Brazil, at the request of civil society and associations of children and adolescents in the city of Fortaleza, an adolescent homicide prevention program, “Every Life Matters”, was created with an initial budget of 2.2 million reais, which in the end was not executed. At the national level, there is no program or budget earmarked for the prevention of this problem. Nor is any budget line identified at the national, regional or local levels that contemplates actions aimed at the prevention of child marriage, despite the fact that the country is the fourth country in the world with the highest number of child marriages.
The study makes the following recommendations to States in order to ensure a fair and equitable investment in girls:
Generate data disaggregated by age, sex, gender, ethnic identity, poverty status, place of residence and other indicators of interest, through public social programs and projects that promote gender analysis.
Carry out gender- and age-sensitive budget planning that recognizes public programs and their importance in sustainable development, giving them a relative weight within public spending, which, in turn, will lead to progress towards more equitable societies.
Disaggregate, by gender and age, complete, disaggregated and timely public budget data needed to make informed decisions on how to allocate and spend available public resources.
Promote the participation of girls and adolescents in budgetary processes at the national, regional and local levels.
Ensure that local and national authorities consult with civil society and integrate innovative approaches to gender-sensitive public investment in children and adolescents.
Brazil: Budget Information System (SIGA) and Ministry of Finance and Public Credit; Guatemala: National Statistics Institute (INE), Integral State Accounting System (Sicoin) and Bank of Guatemala; and Peru: Central Reserve Bank of Peru (BCR), National Statistics and Information Institute (INEI) and Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF).
We firmly believe that the internet should be available and accessible to anyone, and are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience, regardless of circumstance and ability.
To fulfill this, we aim to adhere as strictly as possible to the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1 (WCAG 2.1) at the AA level. These guidelines explain how to make web content accessible to people with a wide array of disabilities. Complying with those guidelines helps us ensure that the website is accessible to all people: blind people, people with motor impairments, visual impairment, cognitive disabilities, and more.
This website utilizes various technologies that are meant to make it as accessible as possible at all times. We utilize an accessibility interface that allows persons with specific disabilities to adjust the website’s UI (user interface) and design it to their personal needs.
Additionally, the website utilizes an AI-based application that runs in the background and optimizes its accessibility level constantly. This application remediates the website’s HTML, adapts Its functionality and behavior for screen-readers used by the blind users, and for keyboard functions used by individuals with motor impairments.
If you’ve found a malfunction or have ideas for improvement, we’ll be happy to hear from you. You can reach out to the website’s operators by using the following email
Our website implements the ARIA attributes (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) technique, alongside various different behavioral changes, to ensure blind users visiting with screen-readers are able to read, comprehend, and enjoy the website’s functions. As soon as a user with a screen-reader enters your site, they immediately receive a prompt to enter the Screen-Reader Profile so they can browse and operate your site effectively. Here’s how our website covers some of the most important screen-reader requirements, alongside console screenshots of code examples:
Screen-reader optimization: we run a background process that learns the website’s components from top to bottom, to ensure ongoing compliance even when updating the website. In this process, we provide screen-readers with meaningful data using the ARIA set of attributes. For example, we provide accurate form labels; descriptions for actionable icons (social media icons, search icons, cart icons, etc.); validation guidance for form inputs; element roles such as buttons, menus, modal dialogues (popups), and others. Additionally, the background process scans all of the website’s images and provides an accurate and meaningful image-object-recognition-based description as an ALT (alternate text) tag for images that are not described. It will also extract texts that are embedded within the image, using an OCR (optical character recognition) technology. To turn on screen-reader adjustments at any time, users need only to press the Alt+1 keyboard combination. Screen-reader users also get automatic announcements to turn the Screen-reader mode on as soon as they enter the website.
These adjustments are compatible with all popular screen readers, including JAWS and NVDA.
Users can also use shortcuts such as “M” (menus), “H” (headings), “F” (forms), “B” (buttons), and “G” (graphics) to jump to specific elements.
We aim to support the widest array of browsers and assistive technologies as possible, so our users can choose the best fitting tools for them, with as few limitations as possible. Therefore, we have worked very hard to be able to support all major systems that comprise over 95% of the user market share including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera and Microsoft Edge, JAWS and NVDA (screen readers), both for Windows and for MAC users.
Despite our very best efforts to allow anybody to adjust the website to their needs, there may still be pages or sections that are not fully accessible, are in the process of becoming accessible, or are lacking an adequate technological solution to make them accessible. Still, we are continually improving our accessibility, adding, updating and improving its options and features, and developing and adopting new technologies. All this is meant to reach the optimal level of accessibility, following technological advancements. For any assistance, please reach out to